Built as capital by Raja Sansar Chand on the river beas. Nadaun soon emerged as a centre of arts and commerce. The
Nadaun is a town and a nagar panchayat in Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh. Nadaun, a small charming town, located on the foothills of the Shivalik range forming the western end of the district Hamirpur. It is 42-48 km east of Kangra and is situated on the banks of the Beas. Nadaun is also an Education Hub for Students of rural areas in Hamirpur District, because of its centerally location. The town has a small gurdwara overlooking the waters of the Beas. The gurdwara was built to commemorate Guru Gobind Singh's victory in the Battle of Nadaun. Gurudwara Nadaun is a prominent place of worship, located in Nadaun. Guru Gobind Singh and his associates had defeated the defense force, led by Alif Khan. Gurudwara Nadaun can be reached by bus from Kangra (30km away).
In Princely days, it is used to be the headquarters of the Nadaun Jagir, Maharaja Sansar Chand of Kangra used to hold his court during summer for a number of year during his reign. Nadaun is famous for its beautiful people and a Gurudwara founded in A.D. 1929. Nadaun was a gay place, during the reign of Sansar Chand II. There was a saying current in Kangra hill (Who that comes to Nadaun will not go away). This is explained by the fact that there were two hundred singing and dancing girls at Nadaun and whoever come under the spell of these enchantresses never thought of leaving. Thus writes Ghulam Mohiuddin in Tarikh-i Punjab. Nadaun is also Known for Blikleshwar Mahadev temple which is said to be have been founded by the Pandavas.
It is peaceful town with a good Rest House, an Old Palace and Shiva temple. The Palace Building at Amtar still houses some of the paintings of that time. One of the Shaktipeeths , Jawalaji temple is also very near to Nadaun (14km away) and can be visited from here. This place provides excellent facilities for Mahaseer fishing in the Beas River flowing close by. Another attraction is the river rafting from this place to Dehra and further. There are beautiful camping sites for anglers.
FAST FACTS :
- Altitude : 508 m or 1666 Ft.
- Climate : The climate of Nadaun is sub-tropical with monsoons in the months of July-August. The summers are between mid May to Mid July. The temperature in summers rarely exceeds 40°c. The winters are cold but sub-zero temperatures are rare. NO Snowfall has been ever heard in Nadaun.
- Population : Nadaun had a population of 4405, according to 2001 Census. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%.
- Literacy Rate : Nadaun has an average literacy rate of 89%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male - 83% and Female - 78%. 11% population here is under 6 years of age.
HOW TO REACH / GETTING THERE / ACCESS :
- Road : Nadaun is well connected with road network. It has got a central position in terms of road connectivity. Two main roads diverge from Nadaun : One in the direction of state capital Shimla (National Highway NH88) and other other in the direction of the major nearby cities of Chandigarh and Hoshiarpur (National Highway NH70). The transportion within Nadaun and surrounding areas is done mostly with the help of privately and government operated buses. Nadaun has a large bus station. Very close to Bus Station, There is a taxi stand where one can easily rent a taxi for short or long distance.
- Rail : The nearest railway station (Jwalamukhi Road) is around 25 km from Nadaun.
- Air : By air upto Chandigarh and then by taxi or bus. Also Gaggal Airport at Kangra is there. (Around 60 km away)
PLACES OF INTEREST :
- Nadaun Fort : The place of historical importance to visit is the Old Fort situated on a hill top. The fort is in a dilapidated state but still representative of family of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch.
- Shiv Temple : A place of religious importance is the old Shiva temple. The popular belief about the Shivalinga in the temple is that it grows every year by a height equal to one grain of rice.
- Nadaun Gurudwara : Another place of great religious significance for Sikhs is Gurdwara started after visit of Guru Gobind Singh to this place during Battle of Nadaun. Hence Nadaun is considered a town of multiple-religions all living in mutual-harmony.
- Pastime on Nadaun Bridge : A favorite pastime of people of Nadaun is evening walk to the Nadaun Bridge. There are many restaurants which have come up in this area. This Bridge provides fantastic views of Beas River and of sunset. This bridge separates Hamirpur district from Kangra district. Another interesting pastime is river-cruise in a small wooden boat. One can enjoy this ride the whole day. The boat is still used as a mode of transport.