Largest of the Shimla hill States, Rampur Bushahr enjoyed power and pelf and a long rule over many of its tributaries. It is 130 km from Shimla well connected with National Highway which passes through Narkanda at an altitude of about 2708m. It bordered on the north with Spiti, on the east with Tibet, on the south with Garhwal, and on the west with Jubbal, Kotkhai, Kumharsain, Kotgarh, and Kulu. Rampur was also located along pilgrimage routes to sacred sites in western Tibet shared by Hindus, Bön and Buddhists alike, i.e., Mount Kailash and Lake Mansarovar. Missionary and pilgrimage activities, intensified by trading possibilities, created the conditions for Tibetan Buddhism to take a firm stronghold in these borderland regions.
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