The administrative district of Kinnaur in Himachal Pradesh lies north west of the state capital, Shimla. Kinnaur is 200km from Shimla. This is an area that has long been renowned for its natural beauty and a local legend maintains that Kinnaur with all its charms fell from the heavens as gift from the gods. Kinnaur is located on the Indo tibetan border, surrounded by Tibet to the east, Garhwal Himalyan to the south.
The district is criss-crossed by several rivers and streams - the fast-flowing Satluj being the main one and the Spiti being the other. At a height of just over 3,000 m, the Satluj enters India from Tibet near the village at Namgia and divides Kinnaur into roughly two equal parts. Kinnaur also has several beautiful side-valleys like the Sangla and the Bhaba that rise along the banks of these courses of snow-melt and most of the popular destinations lie close to the valley floors.
Backed by snow-covered peaks whose height varies between 5,180 m and 6770 m, here lie two the world’s great mountain ranges, the Zanskar and the Greater Himalaya. There are thick forests of Himalayan cedar, the quite legendary 'deodar' and these woods are liberally garnished with trees of Spruce, alder and the unusual birch, the ‘bhojpatra’, whose peeling bark served as parchment for ancient Indian texts. Picture-Perfect villages, orchards and fields fill the valley floor.
There are only 85,000 people in the district and the density is a bare 12 persons per square kilometer. Most of the population is literate and agriculture, horticulture and their allied Industries still employ most people.
Traveling from the direction of Shimla, the town of Rampur and the settlement of Sarahan are the entry points to Kinnaur. Kinnaur may also be visited as part of a longer circuit that encompasses Spiti and Lahaul. The high terrain here give way to great adventures sports of all kinds. Beautiful trekking routes includes the 'Parikarma of Kinner Kailash'. Here is also the Beautiful Nako lake and three famous wild life sanctuaries.
Kinnaur, the tribal district of Himachai Pradesh, has houses built of local architecture and the scenic beauty provided to it by snow ranges and flowing Sutlej and its tributaries makes it one of the districts high on the list of visitor to the State. Close to border with Tibet, foreigners have to register their entry into the district that is done immediately. Apple, apricot, walnut orchards around picturesque hamlets are eye catchers. Chilgoza or Neoza, kernal of Pine, is the dry fruit linked with Kinnaur. To be eaten raw or baked, it is a rewarding time pass. Both Hinduism and Buddhism are practiced here and every village has its own village deity. The national highway completed in 1960's is the life-line of Kinnaur because it joins it with Shimla.